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Memory, Curtis L.Turbulent Transition Behavior in a Low Pressure Turbine Subjected to Separated and Attached-Flow Conditions
Doctor of Philosophy, The Ohio State University, 2010, Mechanical Engineering
Various time accurate numerical simulations were conducted on the aft-loaded L1A low pressure turbine airfoil operating at Reynolds numbers presenting with fully-stalled, non-reattaching laminar separation. The numerical solver TURBO was modified from its annular gas turbine simulation configuration to conduct simulations based on a linear cascade wind tunnel facility. Simulation results for the fully separated flow fields revealed various turbulent decay mechanisms. Separated shear layer decay, in the form of vortices forming between the shear layer and the blade wall, was shown to agree with experimental particle image velocimetry (PIV) data in terms of decay vortex size and core vorticity levels. These vortical structures eventually mix into a large recirculation zone which dominates the blade wake. Turbulent wake extent and time-averaged velocity distributions agreed with PIV data. Steady-blowing vortex generating jet (VGJ) flow control was then applied to the flow fields. VGJ-induced streamwise vorticity was only present at blowing ratios above 1.5. VGJs actuated at the point of flow separation on the blade wall were more effective than those actuated downstream, within the separation zone. Pulsed-blowing VGJs at the upstream blade wall position were then actuated at various pulsing frequencies, duty cycles, and blowing ratios. These condition variations yielded differing levels of separation zone mitigation. Pulsed VGJs were shown to be more effective than steady blowing VGJs at conditions of high blowing ratio, high frequency, or high duty cycle, where blowing ratio had the highest level of influence on pulsed jet efficacy. The characteristic "calm zone" following the end of a given VGJ pulse was observed in simulations exhibiting high levels of separation zone mitigation. Numerical velocity fields near the blade wall during this calm zone was shown to be similar to velocity fields observed in PIV data. Instantaneous numerical vorticity fields indicated that the elimination of the separation zone directly downstream of the VGJ hole is a primary indicator of pulsed VGJ efficacy. This indicator was confirmed by numerical time-averaged velocity magnitude rms data in the same region.

Committee:

JenPing Chen, PhD (Advisor); Jeffrey P. Bons, PhD (Committee Member); James W. Gregory, PhD (Committee Member); Mei Zhuang, PhD (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Aerospace Engineering; Mechanical Engineering

Keywords:

vortex generating jet; low pressure turbine; direct numeric simulation; steady blowing; pulsed blowing; particle image velocimetry; vortex