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Rossiter, John C.A Comparison of Social Desirability Bias among Four Widely Used Methods of Data Collection as Measured by the Impression Management Subscale of the Balance Inventory of Desirable Responding
PHD, Kent State University, 2009, College of Education, Health, and Human Services / Department of Educational Foundations and Special Services
Four different data collection methods (face to face interviews, telephone interviews, mail surveys, and Web-based surveys) compared Social Desirability Bias (SDB). This study used Multiple Comparison tests and a randomized post-test only control-group design. No SDB differences were found among methods. For SDB no gender (2-factor), ethnicity (2-factor), nor was a gender and ethnicity (3-factor) interaction found. This study was more rigorous than other studies because 13 known extraneous influences were controlled for and two more were avoided. Effect sizes ranged from .002 to .029. Implications are: SDB need not trouble researchers when comparing the 4 methods and SDB may be decreasing over time. Suggestions for future research include (1) studies between non-published and published studies; (2) meta analytic method comparisons over well-established constructs; (3) meta analytic studies on SDB over time; (4) measurement invariance of the 4 methods on SDB; and other suggestions.

Committee:

Rafa Kasim (Committee Co-Chair); Shawn Fitzgerald (Committee Co-Chair); Milton Harvey (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Social Research

Keywords:

social desirability; impression management; four; method; data; collection; effect size; face to face; mail; Web; telephone; order; survey; research

Thomas, Robert J.Design and implementation of an airborne data collection system with application to precision landing systems (ADCS)
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 1993, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (Engineering and Technology)

Design and implementation of an airborne data collection system with application to precision landing systems (ADCS)

Committee:

Robert Lilley (Advisor)

Keywords:

Airborne Data Collection System; Application to Precision Landing Systems(ADCS)

Bensonhaver, Samuel D.A microprocessor-based highway surface roughness data collection system
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 1980, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (Engineering and Technology)

A microprocessor-based highway surface roughness data collection system

Committee:

James Gilfert (Advisor)

Keywords:

Microprocessor-Based System; Data Collection Unit; Mays Ride Meter

Trapl, Erika ShaunUNDERSTANDING ADOLESCENT SURVEY RESPONSES: IMPACT OF MODE AND OTHER CHARACTERISTICS ON DATA OUTCOMES AND QUALITY
Doctor of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University, 2007, Epidemiology and Biostatistics
BACKGROUND: Adolescents spend a majority of time at school, making the classroom a natural venue not only for risk behavior interventions, but for administration of surveys assessing the effectiveness of these interventions. Computerized approaches provide valuable advantages over self-administered questionnaires (SAQ); however, few comparative studies have included the personal digital assistant (PDA) or the PDA with audio-enhancement (APDA). Even less is known about the role of cognitive burden (e.g. reading ability and preferences, language mastery, attentiveness) on survey completion by different mode. PURPOSE: This study has four aims: (1) to understand the impact of three data collection modes (SAQ, PDA, APDA) on the number of survey questions answered, missing data, data consistency, and student evaluation of the survey experience; (2) examine associations between cognitive burden and outcomes; (3) assess moderating effects of cognitive burden on relationships between mode and outcomes; (4) assess the role (mediating or moderating) of perceptions of confidentiality/privacy on relationships between mode and outcomes. METHODS: Two-hundred seventy-five students were recruited from seven urban K-8 schools in the Midwest. Consented participants were stratified based on reading scores and randomized to complete a survey by SAQ, PDA, or APDA. Upon completion, students completed a paper-based debriefing survey, assessing student survey experience. Academic and behavioral assessments were completed by each student’s teacher. RESULTS: APDA respondents completed significantly more questions compared to SAQ and PDA. Both PDA and APDA had significantly less missing data than SAQ. No differences were found for student evaluation by mode. Several measures of cognitive burden were related to outcomes. While data inconsistency (e.g., factorial variance) was found across modes, data from students at varying levels of cognitive burden was not significantly different. One significant moderator was found with the relationship between mode and number of questions varying by perceived reading difficulty. Finally, neither perceived confidentiality nor privacy acted as a moderator or mediator. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates strong benefits to be gained by the use of APDA for school-based data collection with adolescents, particularly those with reading, language or attention issues. While students with greater cognitive burden answered fewer questions, their data was found to reliable.

Committee:

Elaine Borawski (Advisor)

Subjects:

Health Sciences, Public Health

Keywords:

Data collection; adolescents; personal digital assistant; cognitive burden

Badr, Hanan A.EFFECTS OF POSTPARTUM FATIGUE AND DEPRESSIVE COGNITIONS ON LIFE SATISFACTION AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN POSTPARTUM WOMEN: THE INTERVENING ROLE OF RESOURCEFULNESS
Doctor of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University, 2018, Nursing
Background: One out of eight women experience depressive symptoms during the postpartum period. In addition, approximately 63.8% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making this the most common problems affecting women during that period Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among postpartum fatigue, depressive cognitions, resourcefulness, quality of life and life satisfaction of the Arab postpartum mother. Additionally, the study examined if there was a mediating effect of resourcefulness on the relationship between the process regulators (DC and PPF) and the mother’s quality of life outcomes (quality of life and life satisfaction) during the postpartum period Theoretical Framework: The conceptual framework for this study based on the middle range theory of resourcefulness, which was developed by Zauszniewski in 2006. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used with 123 postpartum women who gave birth less than 6 months ago. “What’s App” and Facebook were used for recruitment. The survey was constructed in both Arabic and English. The self-administered online survey was developed in Qualtrics and data were collected from January 6th to February 6th, 2017. Linear regression was used to address the research questions and to test the mediating effect of resourcefulness. Results: There were moderate significant correlations between depressive cognitions and resourcefulness (ß = -.38, p < .001), life satisfaction (ß = -.43, p < .001), and quality of life (ß = -.48, p < .001), and small, but significant correlations between postpartum fatigue and life satisfaction (ß= -.25, p < .001), and between resourcefulness and quality of life (ß= .27, p < .001), and life satisfaction (ß= .21, p < .001). Resourcefulness did not mediate the effects of depressive cognitions and postpartum fatigue on quality of life or life satisfaction. Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize the importance of assessing depressive symptoms and PPF in mothers earlier in the postpartum period, and may contribute to designing future intervention studies to decrease the risk for developing more serious depressive symptoms.

Committee:

Jaclene Zauszniewski (Advisor); Mary Quinn Griffin (Committee Member); Christopher Burant (Committee Member); Amy Przeworski (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Health; Nursing; Obstetrics; Psychology

Keywords:

postpartum period;postpartum fatigue;resourcefulness;quality of life; life satisfaction;depressive cognition;postpartum depression;postnatal;Arab postpartum women;social media recruitment;online data collection

Songar, PoonamLearning Assessment Data Collection from Educational Game Applications
MS, Kent State University, 2012, College of Arts and Sciences / Department of Computer Science

Educational gaming is an emerging field with potential for use in STEM education. To harness this potential, the education technology community needs to conduct extensive research and experimentation to determine what makes an effective educational game. The nature of this research requires that educators, game designers, technology enablers and students work closely work together to develop and test traditional and new game based teaching strategies. To that end there is a need for flexible software infrastructure to support this research and experimentation.

The focus of this thesis work is to design and build tools to enable the automatic collection of data to assess the student learning via educational game software on hand held devices.

The author has proposed a generic learning assessment data collection framework and also provided a JAVA based data collection API to enable the collection of the data from the game and its transfer to remote database.

Committee:

Arden Ruttan (Advisor); Laura Bartolo (Advisor); Hassan Peyravi (Committee Member); Ye Zhao (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Computer Science

Keywords:

Educational Games; STEM Games; Learning Assessment Data Collection

Mayne, Tracy L.Qualitative Analysis of Tier 3 Response to Intervention Implementation in Schools
Specialist in Education (Ed.S.), University of Dayton, 2012, School Psychology
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether or not school districts that employ school psychologists who have been trained to use the RTI model are currently using RTI practices to identify students in need of intervention or as part of the disability determination process. Specifically, the use of Tier 3 case studies as part of the disability determination process was explored. Several factors were identified as obstacles or factors supporting RTI implementation, including administrator support, teacher support, professional development and training for staff, and having procedures in place for intervention implementation and data collection.

Committee:

Sawyer Hunley, Ed.D. (Committee Chair); Susan Davies, Ed.D. (Committee Member); Molly Schaller, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Early Childhood Education; Education; Educational Psychology; Elementary Education; Middle School Education; Secondary Education; Special Education

Keywords:

Response to Intervention; RTI; school psychology; Tier 1; Tier 2; Tier 3; disability determination; administrator support; teacher support; professional development; academic; data collection

Vuyyuru, SisirData Collection Network and Data Analysis for the Prototype Local Area Augmentation System Ground Facility
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 2007, Computer Science (Engineering)
A data collection network has been designed and implemented for the prototype Local Area Augmentation System (LAAS) Ground Facility (LGF) at Ohio University. The LGF broadcasts corrections for Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites to aircraft to increase their accuracy and safety during precision approach and landing operations. To analyze LGF performance, data are collected from multiple GPS receiver/antenna combinations and stored for post-processing. To collect the data, GPS receivers are interfaced with micro-controllers. These micro-controllers are programmed in Dynamic C to encapsulate the binary data output by the GPS receivers into TCP/IP headers. These data are sent to the LGF from the micro-controller through 802.11b wireless routers. At the LGF, the data are received and stored in binary-formatted files using a Java-coded receiver program. One of the data analysis steps consists of the characterization of local ionospheric anomalies. Both single frequency and dual frequency GPS measurement data are used to determine the magnitude of higher-order ionospheric propagation delay variations during periods of time with significant ionospheric activity.

Committee:

Frank van Graas (Advisor)

Subjects:

Computer Science

Keywords:

Data Collection Network; LGF; LGF Network; LGF Data Analysis; Higher-order Ionospheric Effects; LAAS Ground Facility

Snyder, Christopher AllenThe developement of software for the assessment of the microwave landing system's capability to support guided missed-approach and departure procedures
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 1997, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (Engineering and Technology)
This report presents the development of the Data Reduction and Analysis Software Package(DRASP) to assess the performance of the Microwave Landing System (MLS) during guided, missed-approach and departure procedures. The DRASP software was developed using Microsoft Visual C++ 1.5 and the Microsoft Foundation Class libraries for the Windows 3.11 operating system. Using the software the user may edit the raw data collected from the Airborne Data Collection System (ADCS) to remove misleading data elements and generate analysis graphs. The DRASP computes difference between measured and truth position, Control Motion Noise, Path Following Error, Path Following Noise, and system tolerance graphs. The software is sufficiently developed to analyze system performance for the MLS during guided, missed-approach and departure procedures.

Committee:

Robert Lilley (Advisor)

Keywords:

Microwave Landing System; Data Reduction and Analysis Software Package; Airborne Data Collection System

Penimicha, SudheerCOMPARISON OF CRITERIA USED BY STATE TRANSPORTATION AGENCIES TO EVALUATE PROPOSED LANE CLOSURES IN PLANNED WORK ZONES.
Master of Science in Civil Engineering, Cleveland State University, 2015, Washkewicz College of Engineering
The purpose of this thesis was to compare the specific performance measures used by various state transportation agencies across the United States to evaluate the impact of proposed lane closures on the interstate system and decide whether the impact is acceptable or not, and thus whether or not to approve the proposed lane closure. Information about the policies, processes, and procedures for approving lane closures was obtained through a combination of searching the webpages of individual state departments of transportation, downloading pertinent materials, emailing requests for information, and contacting agency personnel by telephone. The collected documents and notes taken during telephone conversation were reviewed and details about the criteria being used by 41 state transportation agencies for the approval of lane closures were extracted. A trend analysis was performed to determine whether the use of any criterion was more popular. The use of several criteria was examined across the whole nation, within geographical regions, and finally across the same regions. The results of the analysis revealed that some state transportation agencies use multiple criteria. For the 41 states examined, 23 use volume to capacity ratio, 18 used delay, 6 used queue length, and 4 used level of service. Thus, the most popular criterion used across the nation is the volume to capacity ratio. The analysis within geographical regions revealed that in the Central and North Central, Northeast and Southeast regions the volume to capacity ratio is the most popular criterion while in the Northwest and Southwest regions a delay criterion is the most popular criterion. The analysis across geographic regions revealed that the delay criterion is most popular in the Southwest region, the level of service criterion is most popular in the Northwest region, the capacity and queue length criteria is most popular in the Central and North Central region. Surprisingly, the queue length, which is probably the easiest of the performance measures to observe in the field is only is only popular in the Central and North Central region.

Committee:

Jacqueline Mary Jenkins, PhD (Committee Chair); Lutful Khan, PhD (Committee Member); Mehdi Jalalpour, PhD (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Transportation

Keywords:

Lane closures; State transportation department agencies; Policies; Procedures; Data collection; Data cataloging; Trend analysis

Reynolds, D'Arcy JamesONLINE DATA COLLECTION FOR PSYCHOTHERAPY PROCESS RESEARCH: SESSION IMPACT AND ALLIANCE EVALUATIONS
Master of Arts, Miami University, 2004, Psychology
The feasibility of using online psychotherapy process forms and the equivalence of these forms to their paper-and-pencil counterparts was investigated. Participants drawn from a psychology department clinic, a student counseling center, and community agencies visited an online Web site to report on each of their sessions by completing the two brief online rating forms. The feasibility of online psychotherapy process measure usage for therapists indicated they visited the Web site on a regular basis; however, client recruitment and participation was problematic. Equivalence between the online and paper-and-pencil forms was supported, with minor qualifications, by (i) similar underlying factor structures and (ii) comparable distributions of participant responses on the measures' scales. More direct contact with clients might increase their participation.

Committee:

William Stiles (Advisor)

Subjects:

Psychology, Clinical

Keywords:

psychotherapy process measures; construct equivalence; feasibility; online data collection; face-to-face psychotherapy

Praveen, VikramEvent Driven GPS Data Collection System for Studying Ionospheric Scintillation
Master of Science, Miami University, 2011, Computational Science and Engineering
Scintillation in the ionosphere is a highly stochastic phenomenon that occurs due to random electron density fluctuations affecting trans-ionospheric communication channels like Global Positioning System, satellite radio, etc. To study this phenomenon and its effects on electro-magnetic radio waves, we need to capture the affected radio signals. Since scintillation events are short-lived, spatially and temporally sporadic phenomena, capturing scintillation-corrupted data is a difficult task. The diagnostic for scintillation events is called the scintillation indices. The most common scintillation indices currently used are the S4 index and σφ index. The S4 index relates to the amplitude distortion and the σφ index provides a measure of phase variation induced by the ionosphere in the radio frequency signal due to scintillation. This thesis presents a triggering system that senses scintillation events and triggers data acquisition and recording utilizing the Carrier to Noise Ratio, S4 and σφ parameters. Data collected over five months is analyzed and presented.

Committee:

Yu Tong Morton (Advisor); Wouter Pelgrum (Committee Member); Donald Ucci (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Engineering; Physics; Systems Design

Keywords:

GPS; Ionospheric Scintillation; Data Collection System;

Holik, William A.An Application of Bluetooth Technology to Rural Freeway Speed Data Collection
Master of Science in Engineering, University of Akron, 2013, Civil Engineering
Bluetooth devices are used in a data collection technique to support the measurement of travel times and speeds by comparing two or more time-stamped positional measurements. The purpose of this research is to develop a Bluetooth device capable of recording the media access control (MAC) addresses of target radios on Interstate 71 and calculating the resulting space mean speed. Based on the development of these Bluetooth devices, recommendations including node spacing configurations are developed for urban and rural settings along I-71. Ten Bluetooth node placements are deployed from August 2011 to July 2012. The initial deployments are used in the development of the technology including the optimization of the hardware, software, and data processing of the BTDCS. Nodes are placed at various distances throughout the remainder of the project in order to determine the optimum spacing. The nodes are also used to determine the amount of Bluetooth hits lost at interchanges, determine congestion in work zones using travel times and travel speeds as surrogate measures of congestion, and to test the feasibility of using fewer nodes to cover large distances in urban areas.

Committee:

William Schneider IV, Dr. (Advisor); Ping Yi, Dr. (Committee Member); Ala Abbas, Dr. (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Civil Engineering

Keywords:

Bluetooth; Speed Data Collection

Ghadse, Sheetal PrakashApplication-Aware Resource Management
Master of Science, The Ohio State University, 2011, Computer Science and Engineering

The goal of this thesis is to design and implement a usable, functional, and efficient mobile application for political conversation data collection that addresses each stakeholder’s requirements. Recordings of voice conversations are often used in social science research, but devices and techniques vary in their functionality and usability. A potentially significant technique is to employ a mobile audio recorder, using devices such as the iPod touch. Although this device has very useful capabilities, it also has a few shortcomings that restrict device usage such as limited battery life and storage space. For example, most of the mobile device hardware components consume more power than other components making it difficult for the device to run for longer periods of time. A few power-saving strategies for better battery life can improve device application performance.

The first contribution of this thesis is the mobile application to gather the above research data. This thesis provides application-level design techniques for efficient management of consumable device resources, such as battery and storage space, for the purposes of keeping the data-gathering application active for long periods. These design techniques also consider usability and security aspects of the application. These usability aspects focus on integrating and automating the data collection processes. The design of the security measures is aimed at ensuring both data security and user privacy. Thus, this thesis identifies challenges and provides solutions that meet the non-functional requirements of mobile applications that improve the quality of data collection.

The second contribution is a requirements investigation - to evaluate whether taking advantage of the domain knowledge can result in a context-aware application that manages consumable resources efficiently. We extracted domain knowledge from informal political conversations recordings and identified the context information for building an intelligent application to manage device resources. This thesis lays a foundation for building a context-aware resource management application for a political conversation data collection domain.

Committee:

Rajiv Ramnath (Advisor); Jay Ramanathan (Committee Member); William Eveland (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Computer Science

Keywords:

resource management; mobile application;data collection;recording conversation; NFR;context aware application

Cheok, Tuan SunDesign and implementation of a micro-computer based bar coding data collection system for improving warehouse information handling and cost control
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 1990, Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering (Engineering)
Design and implementation of a micro-computer based bar coding data collection system for improving warehouse information handling and cost control

Committee:

Ralph Sims (Advisor)

Subjects:

Engineering, Industrial

Keywords:

Design and implementation; Micro-Computer; Bar Coding Data Collection; Warehouse; Information Handling Cost Control

Drury, William B.A data collection system for the study of RF interference from industrial, scientific, and medical equipment
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 1986, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (Engineering and Technology)

A data collection system for the study of RF interference from industrial, scientific, and medical equipment

Committee:

Robert Lilley (Advisor)

Keywords:

Data Collection System; Study of RF Interference; Industrial, Scientific, and Medical Equipment

Ostrodka, Lenna MoyFrom Water Guns to Science Clubs: A Field-to-Classroom Internship with the USGS
Master of Environmental Science, Miami University, 2012, Environmental Sciences
As an M.En. candidate in Miami University’s Institute for the Environment and Sustainability (IES) program, I worked as an intern at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Illinois Water Science Center in Urbana, Illinois. What started as outreach activities later grew to encompass GIS editing and fieldwork. Accordingly, my primary duties involved data communication, data processing, and data collection. I was able to participate in projects ranging from invasive species management research to water resource demonstrations at schools. All projects served to fulfill the agency’s mission to collect objective data about the Nation’s natural resources. This multi-faceted internship allowed me to explore the many sides of environmental science in a professional context. In working with scientists of different disciplines, I grew to appreciate the interdisciplinary approach to problem solving so central to IES.

Committee:

Dr. Mary Henry (Advisor); Dr. Qingshun Quinn Li (Committee Member); Dr. Sandra Woy-Hazleton (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Environmental Education; Environmental Science; Geographic Information Science

Keywords:

USGS; internship; outreach; water resources; GIS; data collection

Bleyle, DerekA Secure Web Based Data Collection and Distribution System for Global Positioning System Research
Master of Science (MS), Ohio University, 2004, Electrical Engineering & Computer Science (Engineering and Technology)

A secure data collection and distribution system has been created for Global Positioning System (GPS) research. Specifically, a program, RxData, has been created, using Borland C++, to produce a database from binary GPS data sent from the LAAS Ground Facility (LGF) data logger at the Ohio University airport. This data is sent through a one-way null modem cable which serves as a hardware firewall. In addition, several programs have been purchased, configured, and implemented to allow access to the binary data via a secure Internet connection. The secure connection has been established using 128-bit encryption between the FTP server, Serv-U FTP v5.0, and the FTP client, FTP Voyager v11.0, and all connections with the server are sent through a software firewall, Sygate Personal Firewall Pro v5.5, which protects the server and database from Internet related attacks.

Committee:

Constantinos Vassiliadis (Advisor)

Keywords:

Network; GPS; Global Positioning System; Secure FTP; SFTP; Firewall; Internet; Data Collection; LAAS; Local Area Augmentation System

Basheer, Al-QassabReliability of Data Collection and Transmission in Wireless Sensor Networks
Master of Science in Engineering, Youngstown State University, 2013, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
A network of wireless sensor nodes that are connected to a centralized base station is presented to conduct a study on reliability of data collection and transmission in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with focus on data loss and data duplication. Software applications for specific sensor nodes called Sun SPOTs are presented, and programming techniques, for example packet transmitting time delay and data checking for loss and duplication, are implemented in these software applications to improve the functionality of the network. Acceleration data on a vibration plate are collected at sampling frequency of 100 Hz to validate the operation of the network. Additionally, the wireless sensor network is optimized to enhance the synchronization of data collection from different nodes. The result of this research shows that the reliability of the network is related to data sampling frequency, synchronization of the wireless data traffic, wireless sensor node signal strength, and wireless data routing protocols. The indoor tests on signal strength show the limitation of -70 dBm and higher for optimum data collection without data or packet loss.

Committee:

Li Frank, Ph.D. (Advisor); Munro Philip, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Mossayebi Faramarz, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Computer Engineering; Electrical Engineering; Engineering; Information Technology

Keywords:

Wireless sensor networks; WSN; data collection; data transmission; reliability of wireless sensor networks