Background: One out of eight women experience depressive symptoms during the postpartum period. In addition, approximately 63.8% of new mothers are affected by fatigue during the postpartum period, making this the most common problems affecting women during that period
Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among postpartum fatigue, depressive cognitions, resourcefulness, quality of life and life satisfaction of the Arab postpartum mother. Additionally, the study examined if there was a mediating effect of resourcefulness on the relationship between the process regulators (DC and PPF) and the mother’s quality of life outcomes (quality of life and life satisfaction) during the postpartum period
Theoretical Framework: The conceptual framework for this study based on the middle range theory of resourcefulness, which was developed by Zauszniewski in 2006.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used with 123 postpartum women who gave birth less than 6 months ago. “What’s App” and Facebook were used for recruitment. The survey was constructed in both Arabic and English. The self-administered online survey was developed in Qualtrics and data were collected from January 6th to February 6th, 2017. Linear regression was used to address the research questions and to test the mediating effect of resourcefulness.
Results: There were moderate significant correlations between depressive cognitions and resourcefulness (ß = -.38, p < .001), life satisfaction (ß = -.43, p < .001), and quality of life (ß = -.48, p < .001), and small, but significant correlations between postpartum fatigue and life satisfaction (ß= -.25, p < .001), and between resourcefulness and quality of life (ß= .27, p < .001), and life satisfaction (ß= .21, p < .001). Resourcefulness did not mediate the effects of depressive cognitions and postpartum fatigue on quality of life or life satisfaction.
Conclusion: The results of this study emphasize the importance of assessing depressive symptoms and PPF in mothers earlier in the postpartum period, and may contribute to designing future intervention studies to decrease the risk for developing more serious depressive symptoms.