Italian composer Francesco Santoliquido (b. 1883; d. 1971) wrote approximately twenty-six songs, or Liriche da camera, and numerous other compositions throughout the first three decades of the twentieth century. Santoliquido’s songs are worthy of study; they are full of lyricism and infused with elements of “Debussian,” “Straussian,” and Arabic influences. Santoliquido was born on August 6, 1883 in San Giorgio at Cremona, near Naples. He studied composition in Rome at Liceo di Santa Cecilia with Giacomo Setaccioli (b. 1868; d. 1925) and Stanislao Falchi (b. 1851; d. 1922). Four years after receiving his diploma in 1908, Santoliquido moved to Tunis, just as his career was beginning to gain momentum. He primarily resided in the village of Hammamet. In 1921, he returned to Italy, settling in Anacapri, where he remained until his death on August 26, 1971. Francesco Santoliquido composed music in a number of genres. In addition to his songs, Santoliquido’s musical output includes four operas, a mimmodramma (or ballet), several symphonies and orchestral suites, chamber music, and works for solo piano. Even with his limited popularity, Santoliquido’s music was performed during in his lifetime in cities from Zagreb to Manhattan. However, following the publication of his fascist writings in the late 1930’s, the performances of his music declined dramatically. Although the reasons for the scholarly neglect of Santoliquido’s songs are not completely known, the two most contributing factors are location and politics. Undoubtedly his choice to reside in remote locations such as Hammamet and Anacapri coupled with his highly contested political writings contributed to his musical obscurity. This study is limited to the solo vocal and piano Liriche da camera by Francesco Santoliquido, with the exception of those that have been lost. Those that are analyzed and translated include: I canti della sera, I poemi del sole, Tre poesie perisane, Il poema della morte, Antica stampa italiana, Una lirica giapponese, Petites poëmes [sic] japonaise, Supremo sonno, Mélancholie, and I due poemi arabe.