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Beard, Jacob DAt the Foot of the Cross: A Biographical Portrait of Pyotr Yakovlevich Chaadaev
Master of Arts, Miami University, 2017, History
This thesis project, titled At the Foot of the Cross: A Biographical Portrait of Pyotr Yakovlevich Chaadaev, follows the story of the preeminent Russian philosopher Pyotr Chaadaev. Declared a madman by his government in 1836, this thesis explores the rationale behind the claim of his madness while also expanding the portrait of his life beyond the limited coverage that he usually receives. This work is an amalgamation of microhistorical biography, intellectual history, and cultural history in the hopes of filling out a picture of what life in the nineteenth century Russian Empire for a nobleman and Europe as a whole.

Committee:

Stephen Norris (Advisor); Zara Torlone (Committee Member); Wietse de Boer (Committee Member)

Subjects:

History; Russian History

Keywords:

Russia, Intellectual History, Nineteenth Century, Modern Europe, Nicholas I, Pyotr Chaadaev, Chaadaev

Souder, Eric MatthewThe Circassian Thistle: Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy's 'Khadzhi Murat' and the Evolving Russian Empire"
Master of Arts, Miami University, 2014, History
The following thesis examines the creation, publication, and reception of Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy’s posthumous novel, Khadzhi Murat in both the Imperial and Soviet Russian Empire. The anti-imperial content of the novel made Khadzhi Murat an incredibly vulnerable novel, subjecting it to substantial early censorship. Tolstoy’s status as a literary and cultural figure in Russia – both preceding and following his death – allowed for the novel to become virtually forgotten despite its controversial content. This thesis investigates the absorption of Khadzhi Murat into the broader canon of Tolstoy’s writings within the Russian Empire as well as its prevailing significance as a piece of anti-imperial literature in a Russian context.

Committee:

Stephen Norris, Ph.D. (Advisor); Daniel Prior, Ph.D. (Committee Member); Margaret Ziolkowski, Ph.D. (Committee Member)

Subjects:

History; Literature; Russian History; Slavic Literature; Slavic Studies

Keywords:

Leo Tolstoy; Tolstoy; Khadzhi Murat; Hadji Murat; North Caucasus; Chechnya; Daghestan; Russian Empire; Russian Literature; Censorship; Literary Criticism; Empire; Nicholas I

Nicholas, Jeffrey FrancisMasks
Master of Music (MM), Bowling Green State University, 2016, Music Composition
Masks, scored for flute, oboe, clarinet, violin, cello, percussion, and piano, is organized into eight sections that are based upon woodwind multiphonics. Each section is based on a single multiphonic or a combination thereof distributed across the wind instruments. These combinations constitute the sections of the piece as follows: I: clarinet, II: clarinet and flute, III: flute and oboe, IV: oboe and clarinet, V: flute, clarinet, and oboe, VI: no multiphonics, VII: oboe, VIII: flute. The eight sections represent the seven possible combinations of the three wind instruments (each of which feature at least one multiphonic), with the addition of one section sans multiphonics. Harmonic and melodic material for every section is derived from the spectral components of each multiphonic with the addition of other pitches that serve to enrich the harmonic content of the overall ensemble. These other pitches come from pitch-sets that are complementary to the pitch-sets of each multiphonic. The ability of every instrument to blend and distinguish themselves from one another is exploited in Masks through the interplay of short, violent gestures and soft, sustained gestures. Melodic lines often emerge covertly from within a multiphonic texture, and at other times a multiphonic is created synthetically through the layering of distinct voices.

Committee:

Mikel Kuehn (Advisor); Christopher Dietz (Committee Member)

Subjects:

Music

Keywords:

Jeffrey Nicholas; Masks; contemporary music; Pierrot ensemble; BGSU; multiphonics; new music; Mikel Kuehn; Christopher Dietz; thesis; Gerard Grisey; Michel van der Aa; Sebastian Currier; Kaija Saariaho; ensemble 319; Joshua Marquez; EMU; Pinckney, MI