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How Plan Implementation Fails: Examining the role of Experience, Expectations, and Externalities
Kenitzer, Zachary Edward

2016, Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, City and Regional Planning.
Plans developed as a result of Hurricane Katrina and the Mississippi Renewal Forum, including the de facto nullified SmartCode, three vacated SmartCode Community Plans, and two tabled and non-adopted Comprehensive Plans failed. Further indicated by a gap between Plan vision and on-the-ground results, other authors and scholars point to the process of Plan implementation as the key to this failure. Despite this observation, a case study of implementation does not exist. Also, few academic case studies that explore the implementation of Plans exist. To explore `Why Plans Fail’ this dissertation employs a Case Study approach, rooted in Grounded Theory Methodology and the Constant Comparative method. Five methods of analysis include two forms of Plan evaluation, document analysis, semi-structured interviews, and a new exploratory method of Tenure Analysis. Findings derived from analysis explore the roles of implementation experience, expectations, and externalities in Plan and policy failure. The research concludes by arguing for further case studies, a careful rethinking of how the American Planning Association approaches their advocate role, and that Planners should stop treating implementation like the `black box’ of the Planning and Plan-Making process.
Jennifer Evans-Cowley (Advisor)
Rachel Kleit (Committee Member)
Bernadette Hanlon (Committee Member)
Greenberger David (Other)
347 p.

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Kenitzer, Z. (2016). How Plan Implementation Fails: Examining the role of Experience, Expectations, and Externalities. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Kenitzer, Zachary. "How Plan Implementation Fails: Examining the role of Experience, Expectations, and Externalities." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2016. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 17 Oct 2017.

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Kenitzer, Zachary "How Plan Implementation Fails: Examining the role of Experience, Expectations, and Externalities." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2016. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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