Search ETDs:
The Relationship between Attitudes, Neighborhood Types, and Travel Behavior: Implications for Public Transportation
Namgung, Mi

2014, Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, City and Regional Planning.
The use of private vehicles has grown rapidly over the past few decades. This has happened in spite of the efforts of land use and transportation policy-makers to lead travelers from using private cars to increasing their use of public transit. One of the main challenges to creating informed policy decisions involves investigating the attitudes that influence travel behavior. A better understanding of why travelers use transit or do not use transit, may lead to more specific, strategic policies, and improved programs to reduce auto dependence and increase the use of public transit.
This dissertation divides the investigation of the links between attitudes, the built environment, and travel behavior into two parts: (1) The analysis related to attitudes in travel behavior, and (2) the analysis of the effect of neighborhood characteristics on travel behavior, followed by an examination of the connection between attitudes, neighborhood characteristics, and travel behavior.
The data used in this study comes from the 2012 Campus Transportation Survey conducted at The Ohio State University (OSU). Some of the core questions of the survey include: number of times per week the respondents commute to campus by CABS buses (Campus Area Bus System) and COTA buses (Central Ohio Transit Authority); residential locations; and socio-demographic information. Survey respondents are also asked questions regarding their attitudes about public transit use. These attitudinal statements are grouped into new attitudinal factors using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). As a result of this analysis, eight attitudinal factors are created - preference of car use, willingness of transit use, need for flexibility/sensitivity to time, transit use around a traveler, ability to rest or read, perceived availability of transit service/ familiarity with bus information access, sensitivity to safety, sensitivity to congestion. New neighborhood categories are then created by K-means cluster analysis using six built environment variables (population density, employment density, housing density, median age of structures, percent single family housing and intersection density). The differences in attitudes toward public transit are examined across these new neighborhood categories. Binary logit models are estimated to determine the influence of these neighborhood categories and personal attitudes after controlling for socio-demographic characteristics. This research then addresses whether attitudes, the built environment or a combination of both explain the resulting transit use better.
The estimation results indicate that attitudes impact transit use. The results also show a significant relationship between the built environment and transit use. After accounting for attitudes, there is further indication that attitudes are more strongly associated with transit use than neighborhood characteristics; however the built environment maintain some influence over transit use. Based on the findings, this research suggests that, in order to increase public transit use, it is essential to consider travelers’ attitudes in land use and transportation policies.
Gulsah Akar (Advisor)
Maria Conroy (Committee Member)
Bernadette Hanlon (Committee Member)
164 p.

Recommended Citations

Hide/Show APA Citation

Namgung, M. (2014). The Relationship between Attitudes, Neighborhood Types, and Travel Behavior: Implications for Public Transportation. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

Hide/Show MLA Citation

Namgung, Mi. "The Relationship between Attitudes, Neighborhood Types, and Travel Behavior: Implications for Public Transportation." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2014. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 22 Oct 2017.

Hide/Show Chicago Citation

Namgung, Mi "The Relationship between Attitudes, Neighborhood Types, and Travel Behavior: Implications for Public Transportation." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2014. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

Files

Dissertation_namgung.pdf (6.17 MB) View|Download