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Chinese Law Regarding International NGOs and Its Implementation: The Ford Foundation and Greenpeace
Mann, Paul Anson

2013, Master of Arts, Ohio State University, East Asian Languages and Literatures.
With the expansion of China's Reform and Opening Up Policy and the gradual process of globalization, China has been drawn into the world's civil society and non-governmental organization movement. Chinese and western scholars alike now believe society to consist of three parts, namely the state, civil society, and the market. Due to the top-heavy nature of China's third sector, Chinese scholars do not focus discussions on civil society's ability to check the power of the state, but instead emphasize "positive interaction" between the two. Since international NGOs arrived in China, laws regulating them have not kept pace with their development. This has resulted in the large majority of international NGOs being unable to obtain institutional guarantees and finding themselves in the obscure realm of the government's unofficial "three noes policy." International law theory can be used to understand the position of international NGOs in Chinese society by dividing these organizations into three categories: express recognition, implied recognition, and de facto recognition. Organizations "flying under the radar" could constitute a fourth category.

Two well-known international NGOs in China are the Ford Foundation and Greenpeace. The Ford Foundation was one of the first international NGOs to arrive in China. It implements a selective and cautious grant-making policy, and it has had success in China by using a go-between organization that enabled Ford to work out a special agreement with the Chinese government. Greenpeace is arguably the world's most influential and conspicuous environmental protection organization. While Greenpeace has a long list of accomplishments, it is also quite controversial. Its reputation has followed it to China, making its existence in China a complicated issue. This paper will provide a framework for understanding the legal status of international NGOs in China. It will analyze the two aforementioned organizations' methods of operation, impact, experience, challenges, and degree of recognition received from the government. It will then conclude by offering a few practical suggestions for international NGOs who are or will be operating in China.
Jianqi Wang (Advisor)
Galal Walker (Committee Member)
66 p.

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Mann, P. (2013). Chinese Law Regarding International NGOs and Its Implementation: The Ford Foundation and Greenpeace . (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Mann, Paul. "Chinese Law Regarding International NGOs and Its Implementation: The Ford Foundation and Greenpeace ." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2013. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 22 Sep 2017.

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Mann, Paul "Chinese Law Regarding International NGOs and Its Implementation: The Ford Foundation and Greenpeace ." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2013. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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