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DEMANDINGNESS, DESERVINGNESS, AND SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING: THE ROLE OF ENTITLEMENT IN PREDICTING RELIGIOUS/SPIRITUAL STRUGGLES
Grubbs, Joshua Briggs

2017, Doctor of Philosophy, Case Western Reserve University, Psychology.
A growing body of research has illustrated the prevalence of religious and spiritual (r/s) struggles among adults in the U.S. In response to this new line of research, there is now a growing interest in examining those factors that might predispose one to experience r/s struggles, One such factor is psychological entitlement, which has emerged as a robust predictor of certain struggles. The present work sought to build upon this finding, examining how spiritual entitlement, a domain specific manifestation of psychological entitlement, predicted a variety of religious and spiritual struggles. Using a large, cross-sectional sample of adults (N = 747), the structure of the Spiritual Entitlement Scale was tested using both confirmatory factor analyses and item response theory, revealing two dimensions of spiritual entitlement. The first dimension—Positive Expectations— reflected an optimistic attitude toward one’s spiritual life and was wholly unrelated to r/s struggle when psychological entitlement was held constant statistically. The second dimension — Maladaptive Spiritual Entitlement— reflected demanding attitudes toward deity and a sense of unmerited deservingness in one’s spiritual life. This second dimension was robustly predictive of r/s struggles with the divine, but not with any other r/s struggles. The implications of these findings are discussed.
Julie Exline, Ph.D. (Committee Chair)
Arin Connell, Ph.D. (Committee Member)
Heath Demaree, Ph.D. (Committee Member)
Timothy Beal, Ph.D. (Committee Member)
125 p.

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Grubbs, J. (2017). DEMANDINGNESS, DESERVINGNESS, AND SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING: THE ROLE OF ENTITLEMENT IN PREDICTING RELIGIOUS/SPIRITUAL STRUGGLES. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Grubbs, Joshua. "DEMANDINGNESS, DESERVINGNESS, AND SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING: THE ROLE OF ENTITLEMENT IN PREDICTING RELIGIOUS/SPIRITUAL STRUGGLES." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Case Western Reserve University, 2017. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 20 Jan 2018.

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Grubbs, Joshua "DEMANDINGNESS, DESERVINGNESS, AND SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING: THE ROLE OF ENTITLEMENT IN PREDICTING RELIGIOUS/SPIRITUAL STRUGGLES." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Case Western Reserve University, 2017. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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