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Low-Profile Wideband Antennas Based on Tightly Coupled Dipole and Patch Elements
Irci, Erdinc

2011, Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, Electrical and Computer Engineering.

There is strong interest to combine many antenna functionalities within a single, wideband aperture. However, size restrictions and conformal installation requirements are major obstacles to this goal (in terms of gain and bandwidth). Of particular importance is bandwidth; which, as is well known, decreases when the antenna is placed closer to the ground plane. Hence, recent efforts on EBG and AMC ground planes were aimed at mitigating this deterioration for low-profile antennas.


In this dissertation, we propose a new class of tightly coupled arrays (TCAs) which exhibit substantially broader bandwidth than a single patch antenna of the same size. The enhancement is due to the cancellation of the ground plane inductance by the capacitance of the TCA aperture. This concept of reactive impedance cancellation was motivated by the ultrawideband (UWB) current sheet array (CSA) introduced by Munk in 2003. We demonstrate that as broad as 7:1 UWB operation can be achieved for an aperture as thin as λ/17 at the lowest frequency. This is a 40% larger wideband performance and 35% thinner profile as compared to the CSA.


Much of the dissertation's focus is on adapting the conformal TCA concept to small and very low-profile finite arrays. Three particular designs are presented. One is a 6x6 patch array occupying a λ/3 x λ/3 small aperture (mid-frequency is at 2.1 GHz). Remarkably, it is only λ/42 thick yet delivers 5.6% impedance bandwidth (|S11| < -10dB), 4.4dB realized gain (87% efficiency) and 23% gain bandwidth (3dB drop). The second finite TCA consists of 4x2 patches and occupies a λ/3.2 x λ/3.2 aperture on a λ/26 thick substrate (mid-frequency is at 2 GHz). This antenna delivers 17.3% impedance bandwidth, 4.8dB realized gain (95% efficiency) and 30% gain bandwidth. That is, more than twofold impedance bandwidth is delivered as compared to a single patch antenna of the same size on conventional or EBG substrate.


The third array being considered consists of 3x2 patches occupying a λ/3.2 x λ/3.2 aperture and situated on a λ/22 thick substrate (mid-frequency is at 1.95 GHz). Although of very low-profile and of small size, this TCA achieves a 26% wideband performance with 4.5dB realized gain (97% efficiency) and 40% gain bandwidth. It therefore covers DCS, PCS and UMTS bands (1.7 GHz - 2.2 GHz) for mobile communications. As compared to a conventional patch antenna that can cover the same frequency bands, the TCA is 85% smaller in size while also being 60% thinner.


This dissertation demonstrates that the tightly coupled array concept is quite versatile for miniaturization, bandwidth enhancement and applicability to a diverse range of next generation antennas.

John L. Volakis, PhD (Advisor)
Kubilay Sertel, PhD (Advisor)
Robert J. Burkholder, PhD (Committee Member)
Fernando L. Teixeira, PhD (Committee Member)
107 p.

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Irci, E. (2011). Low-Profile Wideband Antennas Based on Tightly Coupled Dipole and Patch Elements. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Irci, Erdinc. "Low-Profile Wideband Antennas Based on Tightly Coupled Dipole and Patch Elements." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2011. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 21 Nov 2017.

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Irci, Erdinc "Low-Profile Wideband Antennas Based on Tightly Coupled Dipole and Patch Elements." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2011. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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