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2002, Doctor of Philosophy, Ohio State University, Physics.

The nontrivial topological structure of the QCD gauge vacuum generates a CP breaking term in the QCD Lagrangian. However, measurements of the neutron electric dipole moment have demonstrated that the term’s coefficient is unnaturally small, a dilemma known as the strong CP problem. A massless up quark has long been seen as a potential solution, as the term could then be absorbed through the resulting freedom to perform arbitrary chiral rotations on the up quark field.

Through the light-quark-mass ratio *m _{u}*/

New theoretical insights into partial quenched Chiral Perturbation Theory have revealed that a calculation of the low-energy constants of the partially quenched chiral Lagrangian is equivalent to a determination of the physical Gasser-Leutwyler coefficients. The coefficient combination in question is directly accessible through the pion mass’s dependence on the valence quark mass, a dependence ripe for determination via Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics.

We carry out such a partially quenched lattice calculation using *N _{f}* = 3 staggered fermions and the recently developed smearing technique known as hypercubic blocking. Through the use of several ensembles, we make a quantitative assessment of our systematic error. We find 2

Junko Shigemitsu (Advisor)

319 p.

Nelson, D. (2002). Partially Quenched Chiral Perturbation Theory and a Massless Up Quark: A Lattice Calculation of the Light-Quark-Mass Ratio. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

Nelson, Daniel. "Partially Quenched Chiral Perturbation Theory and a Massless Up Quark: A Lattice Calculation of the Light-Quark-Mass Ratio." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2002. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 24 May 2016.

Nelson, Daniel "Partially Quenched Chiral Perturbation Theory and a Massless Up Quark: A Lattice Calculation of the Light-Quark-Mass Ratio." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Ohio State University, 2002. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/