Search ETDs:
The 1630 AD eruption of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores (Portugal): chemical variations and magmatic processes
Rowland-Smith, Andrea

2007, Master of Science, Miami University, Geology.
Furnas volcano, an active stratovolcano on the island of São Miguel, Azores, is considered one of Europe’s most hazardous volcanoes. This work constitutes the first detailed petrographic, compositional, and isotopic study of the Furnas 1630 AD eruptive deposit. The eruptive products of the Furnas 1630 AD deposit are almost exclusively trachytic, with limited major element variations but large trace element variations that can be attributed to extensive fractional crystallization. Constant Nd and Pb but variable Sr isotopic signatures in the 1630 AD eruptive products, including whole rock, glass and individual sanidine crystals, suggest that fractionation was accompanied by assimilation of seawater altered syenite from the magma chamber walls. Analysis of stratigraphically controlled samples from throughout the Furnas 1630 AD deposit indicate systematic but non-monotonic variations in the composition of the eruptive products that reflect complex magma chamber geometry and/or multiple magma chambers.
Elisabeth Widom (Advisor)
36 p.

Recommended Citations

Hide/Show APA Citation

Rowland-Smith, A. (2007). The 1630 AD eruption of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores (Portugal): chemical variations and magmatic processes. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

Hide/Show MLA Citation

Rowland-Smith, Andrea. "The 1630 AD eruption of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores (Portugal): chemical variations and magmatic processes." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Miami University, 2007. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 18 Apr 2015.

Hide/Show Chicago Citation

Rowland-Smith, Andrea "The 1630 AD eruption of Furnas Volcano, São Miguel, Azores (Portugal): chemical variations and magmatic processes." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Miami University, 2007. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

Files

miami1186143145.pdf (6.68 MB) View|Download