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College Students' Accuracy in Predicting Their Learning of Novel Words
Upadhyay, Sri Siddhi Navnit

2012, BA, Kent State University, College of Arts and Sciences / Department of Psychology.
Skilled readers learn new words through incidental vocabulary acquisition (Landauer & Dumais, 1997; Nagy, Herman, & Anderson, 1985), during which establishing meaning for novel words depends on sentence context and lexical characteristics of embedded words. Skilled readers have a discrepancy between their confidence in what they are retaining and what they will actually recall (Hilgham 2010). This is related to readers’ sensitivity to processing difficulty in reading. I investigated the relationship between readers’ processing on sentences containing novel words and their subsequent judgments of comprehension. Participants read sentences containing semantically opaque or transparent (e.g., pearpeel, deerhike) novel English compounds in informative contexts; readers judged how well they derived and would remember the correct meanings. Lastly, participants took a surprise vocabulary test. Overall, sentences containing opaque novel compounds were harder to process, indicated by inflated reading times. Participants were less confident about deriving definitions for opaque words than transparent, and readers were less accurate for opaque items. Results indicate readers judged making a meaning inference for opaque compounds, for which morphological and contextual information contrasted, was harder than for transparent compounds, for which morphological and contextual information converged. These judgments correlated with processing difficulty as measured by sentence reading time.
Jocelyn Folk, PhD (Advisor)
John Dunlosky, PhD (Committee Member)
Tammy Clewell, PhD (Committee Member)
Sara Newman, PhD (Committee Member)
31 p.

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Upadhyay, S. (2012). College Students' Accuracy in Predicting Their Learning of Novel Words. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Upadhyay, Sri Siddhi. "College Students' Accuracy in Predicting Their Learning of Novel Words." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Kent State University, 2012. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 19 Apr 2015.

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Upadhyay, Sri Siddhi "College Students' Accuracy in Predicting Their Learning of Novel Words." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Kent State University, 2012. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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