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The Extraordinary Double Body: Images in Literature, Art, and on the Sideshow Stage
Ingram, Seth

2011, BA, Kent State University, College of Arts and Sciences / Department of English.
Conjoined twins and half-and-half (hermaphrodite) acts were common features of the American sideshow during its heyday from 1840 to 1940. These acts each relied upon the production of multiple selves in a singular body to be perceived as freakish. This paper presents the longstanding connection between conjoined twins and hermaphrodites, as seen in art, literature, and medicine from Classical sources to Renaissance texts. Included are discussions of the double as a product of fusion or fission and of the double-headed alien Zaphod Beeblebrox from Douglas Adams's Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Also addressed are portrayals of conjoined twins in literary works by Mark Twain and Katherine Dunn and the symbolism of the half-and-half in works by Robertson Davies and Carson McCullers. Finally, the portrayal of conjoined twins in promotional materials, specifically Millie-Christine and Violet and Daisy Hilton, is analyzed, along with materials from a number of different half-and-half acts. Finally, an overview of sideshow banner artwork is presented along with an original banner painted by the author.
Claire Culleton, PhD (Advisor)
Kevin Floyd, PhD (Committee Member)
Christina McVay (Committee Member)
Sara Newman, PhD (Committee Member)
155 p.

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Ingram, S. (2011). The Extraordinary Double Body: Images in Literature, Art, and on the Sideshow Stage. (Electronic Thesis or Dissertation). Retrieved from https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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Ingram, Seth. "The Extraordinary Double Body: Images in Literature, Art, and on the Sideshow Stage." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Kent State University, 2011. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 19 Apr 2015.

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Ingram, Seth "The Extraordinary Double Body: Images in Literature, Art, and on the Sideshow Stage." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Kent State University, 2011. https://etd.ohiolink.edu/

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